Phonemic awareness instruction, when linked to systematic decoding and spelling instruction, is a key to preventing reading failure in children who come to school without these prerequisite skills. - Moats, 2012
The Phonemic Awareness curricula are based on the curriculum developed by Dr. Heggerty. The daily lessons consist of the same eight phonemic awareness:
- Onset Fluency
- Identifying Final or Medial Sounds
- Adding Phonemes
- Deleting Phonemes
- Substituting Phonemes
Students have daily opportunities to practice letter names and sounds and repeating sentences and nursing rhymes during Language Awareness activities. There are 4 variables that represent the early literacy skills that had significant predictive relationships with literacy development which are found in this curriculum: alphabetic knowledge, phonological awareness, rapid automatic naming (RAN) of letters and phonological memory.